Every living organism on earth has a genome that is unique to that organism. However, all of the genomes are made of the same basic material.
You can think of the set of instructions that make you human as a book. That book would be called your genome.
Genes and Genomes:
- What are They
- How Big
Genetics in Action!:
Genetics as a Tool:
- In The Lab!
- The Food We Eat
- Fuels of the Future
Genetics in the News
Like sentences are grouped into paragraphs, genes are often clustered with related genes on the chromosomes.
The instruction manual can be broken down into chapters. Like chapters in a book, genomes are made up of smaller parts called chromosomes.
he quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
A gene can be compared to a single sentence in the instruction manual. Like a sentence each gene has a beginning, a middle, and an end.
The genome alphabet has only four letters: G, A, T, and C. These genetic "letters" are called bases.
Each sentence in the instruction manual is made up of words. In a gene each of these words is three letters long and is called a codon.
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What is a gene? (an analogy)
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